By Dr. Robert M. Cutler (11/8/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Tashkent's attempts to attract foreign investment in the early 1990s were mostly unsuccessful. Western economic interest rose only in the middle of the decade. However, privatization was still largely limited to sell-offs of large state firms to foreign buyers, and to contract-signings with the largest Western companies for investment in the metallurgical and machine-building sectors.
By Dr. John C. K. Daly (11/8/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: The Aral Seas Vozrozhdeniie Island was the main open-air testing ground for Soviet biological warfare weapons. Weaponized agents included tularemia, epidemic typhus, Q fever, smallpox, plague, anthrax, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis, Glanders, brucellosis, and Marburg infection. Numerous other agents were studied for possible use as biological weapons, including the Ebola virus, AIDS, Junin virus (Argentinian hemorrhagic fever), Machupo virus (Bolivian hemorrhagic fever), yellow fever, Lassa fever, Japanese encephalitis and Russian spring-summer encephalitis.
By Gulsara Osorova (11/8/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Askar Akaev, who has been a president of the Kyrgyz Republic for the last 10 years, was reelected for a next five-year presidential term on 29 October gaining 74.5% of the vote. Akaev had a considerable advantage over his opponents in the election.
By Anara Tabyshalieva (5/22/2002 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: Defending the border agreement with China, President Askar Akayev stated that the border agreement is the best solution for a small country, a skillful piece of Kyrgyz diplomacy giving away just 30 percent of the originally contested area. Talking about a good relationship with China, government officials remind that China intended to acquire more lands, presenting its own maps and planning to give Kyrgyzstan only four percent of the disputed areas, while Kyrgyz officials argued that the old Soviet state borders should be the new borders of independent Kyrgyzstan. Since 1964 the Soviet-Chinese border problem, which then became a Kyrgyz-Chinese one, could not be resolved.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.