By Bea Hogan (7/5/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Since he came to power during the Soviet era, Nursultan Nazarbayev has distinguished himself by his political skill. Early on he learned to balance the interests of various ethnic groups in the country, diffuse radical nationalist strains, cajole Western policymakers, and attract foreign investment. Mikhail Gorbachev appointed him First Secretary of the Kazakh SSR in 1989 and shortly thereafter, the Soviet parliament changed his title to president.
By Alim A. Seytoff (7/5/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKROUND: Heroin and AIDS were first only seen in Xinjiang, China in Western films beginning a decade ago. Marijuana and hashish have been common to the region for centuries. But drugs such as heroin and cocaine were introduced to Xinjiang only in the early 1990s from Southeast Asias Golden Triangle, which is thousands of miles away.
By Roger N. McDermott (3/12/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: Whilst most of the early militaries in Central Asia were developed on the basis of the units in the Soviet Turkestan Military District, in Tajikistan the experience of military construction was unique, relying upon volunteer groups. The Tajik armed forces inherited little from Soviet army, military schools and training centers were entirely lacking. This greatly inhibited the speed at which suitable forces could be constructed.
By Bea Hogan (7/19/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: In its short history on-line, the five Central Asian states have earned the dubious distinction of comprising one quarter of the worlds "enemies of the Internet," according to the Paris-based watchdog group Reporters Sans Frontiers. Throughout Central Asia, Telecommunications are tightly controlled. In Tajikistan, the state-run Telecom Technologies provides the countrys only Internet access and restricts web-access to Dushanbe, the capital.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.