By Dr. Robert M. Cutler (6/21/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: Before 1992, the Caspian Sea was regulated by treaties that were signed by Persia and the RSFSR in 1921, and between Iran and the USSR in 1935 and 1940, that latter defined the Caspian as a "Soviet and Iranian sea." None of these treaties established any maritime boundary or referred to any division of rights to exploit resources in the continental shelf. In the early 1990s, Russia proposed that the Caspian be considered an "inland lake" under the Law of the Sea Treaty.
By Awamdost Pakhtunkhel (3/12/2003 issue of the CACI Analyst)BACKGROUND: The U.S. Government has recently proclaimed Gulbuddin Hekmatyar an international terrorist.
By Dr. Robert M. Cutler (7/5/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: There is a tendency to focus on patterns of bilateral relations in Central Asia, but dyads have dynamics different from triads, even if the triads are considered as three overlapping dyads. The eternal triangle of Russia, Iran, and Turkey is evolving in tandem, and in relation, with the various multilateral formations in the Central Asian region, although only three of the multilateral formations within Central Asia are of any significance and only one of them has a formal organizational body.
The one formal organization is the Central Asian Economic Union which includes Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
By Christopher Boucek (7/5/2000 issue of the CACI Analyst)
BACKGROUND: As the Central Asian states slowly find their way in a post-Soviet world, the republics are cautious to avoid returning to a system dictated by Moscow. As they strive towards a policy of independence, the Islamic Republic of Iran is a natural geopolitical counterbalance to any perceptions of Russian chauvinism vis-à-vis Central Asia. Iran has taken strong positions on separatism and extremism, both comforting to the Central Asian republics.
The Central Asia-Caucasus Analyst is a biweekly publication of the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute & Silk Road Studies Program, a Joint Transatlantic Research and Policy Center affiliated with the American Foreign Policy Council, Washington DC., and the Institute for Security and Development Policy, Stockholm. For 15 years, the Analyst has brought cutting edge analysis of the region geared toward a practitioner audience.